Many people believe that poisons are a relic of the past or even a mystical phenomenon. They exist only in historical stories, in terrible myths about kings and frightening fairy tales. Nevertheless, poisons are all around us: they are present in our drinking water, in the air and even in our blood. Among the various poisonous substances we can find even those that can poison a person in a matter of minutes.
Some poisons are part of plants or are present in the bodies of animals, fish, or other living things. But certain toxic substances originated through human efforts.
Today people know many dangerous and insidious poisons that have been repeatedly used for terrorist purposes and for contract murders. It is not easy to decide which substance should be called the "strongest", because the degree of influence and the final result depends on many factors. However, a general idea of them is quite realistic. Therefore, we present 10 of the most ruthless poisons, which were created by nature or in the course of laboratory research.
Many experts agree that botulinum toxin may well be considered the most dangerous poison on Earth. All it takes is a small vial of this substance to take the lives of hundreds of thousands of healthy people. Botulinum bacteria usually breed in sausages and canned goods. The most favorable environment is canned fish, meat, and fried mushrooms. This toxin causes botulism, a disease that paralyzes the entire nervous system. Death eventually occurs from lack of air through paralysis of the heart, asphyxia of the respiratory tract and muscles. The unpredictable and variable nature of botulinum toxin makes it the most terrifying and deadly poison in the world. That said, botulinum toxin is often used in cosmetology. Everyone is familiar with the now popular Botox "youth" injections. In addition, this substance can be used against migraine.
This substance causes death in almost all cases. It is six times more poisonous than potassium cyanide. Also ricin has almost superseded the terrible "anthrax" now it is often sent by mail. It is referred to natural poisons due to the fact that it is extracted from the fruit of the castor bean. Poison poisoning of a person is possible by injecting it into the bloodstream or by entering the body through the lungs. Even a few grains of this odorless white powder, which dissolves well in water, can cause death. If ricin is inhaled, then the first signs of poisoning are detected only after 8 hours. In this case, the person feels a severe headache, fever, sweating, nausea and vomiting. After a few days or even earlier, death occurs.
The most dangerous substance of chemical origin, used by the army in many countries despite its special status and numerous bans. A former pesticide, totally unsuitable for any purpose other than destroying people. It is a highly toxic nerve gas, which upon skin contact activates the symptoms of poisoning: from slight nausea to paralysis, hallucinations and demise.
The most dangerous nerve gas discovered by German scientists was first invented as a strong pesticide. Today sarin is considered to be a chemical weapon of the most powerful spectrum of action. It affects the nervous system and causes suffocation in terrible convulsions in one minute. In 50-ies of XX century it was produced in USA and USSR for military purposes. In the 70s it was secretly produced by Chilean scientists for Augusto Pinochet's secret police. In addition, Iraq used sarin in the 1988 war against Iran to poison people. It was not until 1993 that the UN banned the production of this gas. Nevertheless, later there were many cases of mass use of sarin in terrorist and chemical attacks. The most famous case is the use of the poison gas by Aum Senrikyo in the Tokyo subway attack in Japan in 1995.
A strong natural poison known to be found in the body of the Fugu fish. In Japan, the meat of this fish is considered a delicacy. But to make the dish safe for humans, it must be properly prepared. With such a complex and responsible task can not every chef. In addition, tetrodotoxin can be found in the caviar of the Californian newt, blue-ringed octopus, some goby fish, certain types of crabs, etc. If this poison neuroparalytic action has penetrated the body, then the first signs of poisoning will appear after 30 minutes, and death comes no later than 4-6 hours. However, there have been cases where death occurred after only 17 minutes. In the early days of research, tetrodotoxin was used as an anesthetic for leprosy and tumors. Modern scientists have conducted clinical trials on the use of this substance as an anesthetic for cancer patients, but the results have been very mixed.
You thought right, this is the mercury found in medical thermometers. It is considered a heavy metal that is particularly toxic to the human body. Mercury vapor has a devastating effect on the nervous system, kidneys, and brain, which leads to death. Nevertheless, the ancient Greeks and Romans, knowing the dangers of the substance, used it to refine gold. One of the biggest deaths from mercury occurred in Japan in 1956. About 3,000 residents of the city of Minamata suffered or died from the effects of the poison.
A deadly poison in the form of a white powder that is obtained from the seeds of the tropical chilibukha tree, which grows in South Asia, Australia, and Africa. Often used to poison small animals. Even minimal amounts of the toxic substance are dangerous to humans, either through inhalation or ingestion. Human poisoning in this case has the following symptoms: convulsions, nervous seizures, muscle contraction and vomiting. After 30 minutes the victim dies. Surprisingly enough, strychnine is used in modern medicine. On its basis, tonic drugs are made, prescribed to patients with rapid fatigue, slowed metabolic processes and weakened heart activity.
The most famous and popular poison among book villains. This is due to the fact that the symptoms of poisoning with this substance resemble the signs of cholera, so it is easy to disguise the crimes committed as a disease. If a large amount of arsenic is taken, a coma and premature death can be expected. However, the ancient Chinese believed that arsenic had beneficial properties. Doctors used it to treat psoriasis and syphilis. Until the mid-50s of the twentieth century, this substance was used as a cure for cancer.
It is of natural origin because it is bred from toxic mushrooms. The most famous of these is the pale grebe, often mistaken by inexperienced mushroom hunters for mushrooms, russets or greens. This poison is capable of poison a personThe patient's heart, liver, and kidneys are affected. Lethal outcome is possible after a few days. A large amount of penicillin is used as an antidote in such a case.
Widely known poison, which is highly fast-acting. Penetrating into the body, it paralyzes the nervous system, causes enormous damage to the heart and circulatory system, and cuts off the flow of oxygen to the cells. As a result, the person dies in a few minutes. It was often used in ancient times and even relatively recently as a means of execution of criminals. Curiously enough, cyanide has a deadly effect on humans, while it has practically no effect on ordinary hedgehogs.